Skip to Main Content

Cite Sources

Cite Sources

AMA - Articles and Book Chapters

To cite an article, follow this basic pattern:

Author AA. Title of article. Title of Journal [abbreviated].

            Year of article; volume(issue);page numbers.

For example:

Holve S. An observational study of the association of

          fluoride varnish applied during well child visits

          and the prevention of early childhood caries in

          American Indian children. Matern Child Health J.


[Note: in this example, "American Indian" gets capitalized because the phrase is capitalized ordinarily. "s64-s67" means that this article appeared in a journal supplement.]

An article with several authors:

Zagarins SE, Ronnenberg AG, Gehlbach SH, Lin R,

        Bertone-Johnson ER. Are existing measures of

        overall diet quality associated with peak bone mass

        in young premenopausal women? J Hum Nutr Diet.


For an article with more than six authors, list the first three authors and end that part of the citation with "et al":

Musa CV, Mancini A, Alfieri A, et al. Four novel UCP3 gene

         variants associated with childhood obesity: Effect

          on fatty acid oxidation and on prevention of

           triglyceride storage. Int J Obes (Lond). 2012;36;


[Note how in this example, the first word of the subtitle ("Effect") gets capitalized.]

If your source doesn't provide an abbreviated title for the journal, look the journal up in NLM Catalog to find out how it should be abbreviated.

For an article in a freely available online journal:

Petersen JW, Nazir TF, Lee L, Garvan CS, Karimi A.

         Speckle tracking echocardiography-determined

          measures of global and regional left ventricular

          function correlate with functional capacity in patients

          with and without preserved ejection fraction. 

          Cardiovasc Ultrasound [serial online]. June 14,

           2013;doc 1. Available at http://www.


            com/content/11/1/20. Accessed June 27, 2013. 

["doc 1" stands for "document 1" - we're using that because this journal doesn't have regular page numbers.]

For book chapters, you can follow a pattern similar to citing journal articles:

Author AA. Title of chapter. In: [Author BB, eds.] Book Title.

           2nd ed. Place of publication: Publisher; Year:pages.

Pastel RH, Ritchie EC. Mitigation of psychological effects

           of weapons of mass destruction. In: Ritchie EL,

           Watson PJ, Friedman MJ, eds. Interventions

           Following Mass Violence and Disasters:

           Strategies for Mental  Health Practice. New York,

           NY: Guilford Press; 2006:300-318.